Here are some general teaching strategies that enhance the use of video materials in your classroom by targeting specific skill sets.
With picture and audio on:
- Use the pause control to stop a scene and have students predict what will happen next.
- Use the pause control to stop after a particular line of dialogue and have students predict the next line.
With audio off:
- Have students predict the situation and characterizations based on viewing an entire scene without the sound.
- Have students predict lines of dialogue after viewing an entire scene without the sound.
- Have students predict individual lines of dialogue by using the pause button to stop the scene.
With picture off:
- Have students predict the situation and characterizations by listening to the soundtrack without watching the picture.
- Viewing Comprehension
- You can check students' understanding of the situation and characters in the following ways:
- Give students specific things to look and listen for before they watch a scene.
- Freeze-frame the scene by using the pause button and check students' understanding.
- While watching or after watching:
- Have students answer comprehension questions you devise.
- Give students cloze scripts and have them fill in missing words in dialog lines.
- Listening Practice
- Have students focus on the dialogue contained in a scene by listening for particular vocabulary words, structures, or functional expressions.
- Have students write dialogue lines as they view them, using the pause control to stop the scene after each line,
- As students view a scene, have them fill in missing words in a cloze script you have created.
- Speaking Practice
- Have students role play a scene, practicing the lines of dialogue for correct intonation and emphasis.
- Have students circulate around the classroom and interview each other using questions contained in the video segment. Students can then report to the class about their interviews.
- Have half the class see a segment without audio and the other half hear it without the picture. Students from each half of the class then pair up, talk about the situation and characters, and act out the scene.
Strip Dialogue Scenes:
- Write dialogue lines on separate strips of paper, distribute them randomly, and have students recreate the scene by putting the lines together.
- Have students discuss the scene, plot and characters' actions, thoughts, and feelings.
- Have students think about what the characters in the scene are thinking but not saying. Students can create these interior monologues, present them to the class, and discuss any varying opinions about characters' inner thoughts during the scene.
- Have students tell which characters they identify with and explain why.
(Pearson Longman, 2009)